The **inverse element** is preserved, i.e. for any element (g, a) in the set, there exists an inverse element (g−1, a−1) such that (g, a) (g−1, a−1) = (1, 1) for the **matrices**.

To show that the following maps define a group action, we need to prove that the elements in the set are homomorphisms, i.e. that the action of a group element can be defined by multiplying the original element by another element in the group (by means of multiplication) for the **matrices**.

Let's examine each of the given sets in detail:(1) GL(n, R) × Matn(R) - Matn(R) defined as (A, X) → XA−1:To prove that this map defines a group action, we need to verify that the following properties are satisfied:The action is well-defined, i.e. given any two pairs (A, X) and (B, Y) in the set, we can show that (B, Y) (A, X) = (BA, YX) ∈ Matn(R). The identity element is preserved, i.e. given a matrix X ∈ Matn(R), the element (I, X) will be mapped to X.

The action is associative, i.e. given a matrix X ∈ Matn(R) and group elements A, B, C ∈ GL(n, R), the following equality will hold: [(A, X) (B, X)] (C, X) = (A, X) [(B, X) (C, X)]. The** inverse element **is preserved, i.e. for any element (A, X) in the set, there exists an inverse element (A−1, XA−1) such that (A, X) (A−1, XA−1) = (I, X).(2) (GL(n, R) × GL(n, R)) × Matr(R) -› Matn(R) defined as ((A, B), X) → AXB−1:Let's again verify the following properties for this map to define a group action: The action is well-defined, i.e. given any two pairs ((A, B), X) and ((C, D), Y), we can show that ((C, D), Y) ((A, B), X) = ((C, D) (A, B), YX) ∈ Matn(R). The identity element is preserved, i.e. given a matrix X ∈ Matn(R), the element ((I, I), X) will be mapped to X. The action is associative, i.e. given a matrix X ∈ Matn(R) and group elements (A, B), (C, D), E ∈ GL(n, R), the following equality will hold: [((A, B), X) ((C, D), Y)] ((E, F), Z) = ((A, B), X) [((C, D), Y) ((E, F), Z)].

The inverse element is preserved, i.e. for any element ((A, B), X) in the set, there exists an inverse element ((A−1, B−1), AXB−1) such that ((A, B), X) ((A−1, B−1), AXB−1) = ((I, I), X).(3) R × R2 → R2 defined as (r, (x, y)) → (x + r4, y):Again, let's check the following properties to show that this map defines a group action: The action is well-defined, i.e. given any two pairs (r, (x, y)) and (s, (u, v)), we can show that (s, (u, v)) (r, (x, y)) = (s + r, (u + x4, v + y)) ∈ R2.

The identity element is preserved, i.e. given an element (x, y) ∈ R2, the element (0, (x, y)) will be mapped to (x, y). The action is associative, i.e. given an element (x, y) ∈ R2 and group elements r, s, t ∈ R, the following equality will hold: [(r, (x, y)) (s, (x, y))] (t, (x, y)) = (r, (x, y)) [(s, (x, y)) (t, (x, y))]. The inverse element is preserved, i.e. for any element (r, (x, y)) in the set, there exists an inverse element (-r, (-x4, -y)) such that (r, (x, y)) (-r, (-x4, -y)) = (0, (x, y)).(4) FX × F → F defined as (g, a) → ga, where F is a field, and FX = (F \ {0},) is the multiplicative group of nonzero elements in F:To show that this map defines a group action, we need to verify that the following** properties** are satisfied:The action is well-defined, i.e. given any two pairs (g, a) and (h, b), we can show that (g, a) (h, b) = (gh, ab) ∈ F.

The identity element is preserved, i.e. given an element a ∈ F, the element (1, a) will be mapped to a. The action is associative, i.e. given elements a, b, c ∈ F and group elements g, h, k ∈ FX, the following **equality** will hold: [(g, a) (h, b)] (k, c) = (g, a) [(h, b) (k, c)]. The inverse element is preserved, i.e. for any element (g, a) in the set, there exists an inverse element (g−1, a−1) such that (g, a) (g−1, a−1) = (1, 1).

Learn more about **matrices **here:

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